Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Disonancia cognitiva y percepción. Esta teoría defiende que la disonancia es un sentimiento desagradable que motiva a la Leon Festinger. Transcript of Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Esta teoría trata de predecir los cambios que ocurrirán en las actitudes de.
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El ser humano es muy complejo. Festinger’s seminal work integrated existing research literature on influence and social communication under his theory of cognitive dissonance.
He stated his main set of hypotheses as follows:. Thus Festinger suggested that the “social influence processes and some kinds of competitive behavior are both manifestations of the same socio-psychological process It was at MIT that Festinger, in his own words, “became, by fiat, a social psychologist, and immersed myself in the field with all its difficulties, vaguenesses, and challenges.
Warning against the dangers of such demands when theoretical concepts are not yet fully developed, Festinger stated, “Research can increasingly address itself to minor unclarities in prior research rather than to larger issues; people can lose sight of the basic problems because the field becomes defined by the ongoing research.
Writing infour peon after closing his laboratory, Festinger expressed a sense of disappointment with what he and his field had accomplished:. Stanley Schachter Elliot Aronson. Festinger subsequently began exploring prehistoric archaeological data, meeting with Stephen Jay Gould to discuss ideas and visiting archaeological sites to investigate primitive toolmaking firsthand.
To use Ce example of a smoker who has knowledge that smoking is bad for his health, the smoker may reduce dissonance by choosing to quit smoking, by changing his thoughts about the effects of smoking e. Festinger and his collaborators, Henry Riecken and Stanley Schachter, examined conditions under which disconfirmation of beliefs leads to increased conviction in such beliefs in the book When Prophecy Fails.
Although the proximity effect or propinquity was an important direct finding from the study, Festinger and his collaborators also noticed correlations between the degree of friendship within a group of residents and the similarity of opinions within the group,  thus raising unexpected questions regarding communication within social groups and the development of group standards of attitudes and behaviors.
In other words, people simply tend to befriend their neighbors. Estos ejemplos muestran la necesidad que tenemos las personas de justificar lo innecesario o, incluso, lo injustificable.
He decided not to pursue dognitiva, and died on February 11, Festinger and his collaborators viewed these findings as evidence that friendships often develop based on passive contacts e. Some subjects, who were led to believe cognitiav their participation in the experiment had concluded, were then asked to cogintiva a favor for the experimenter by telling the next participant, who was actually a confederate, that the task was extremely enjoyable.
Dissonance was created for the subjects performing the favor, as the task was in fact boring. The messages purportedly said that a flood would destroy the world on December 21, This page was last edited on 13 Novemberat Social comparison theory and cognitive dissonance have been described by other psychologists as “the two most fruitful theories in social psychology.
Por tanto, me contradigo y, haciendo alarde de mi incongruencia, termino diciendo que creo que todo el mundo es congruente, pero lo es por muy poco tiempo, pues en cada minuto puede aprender o descubrir algo que le haga cambiar de idea. Animal testing Archival research Behavior epigenetics Case study Content analysis Experiments Human subject teorria Interviews Neuroimaging Observation Psychophysics Qualitative research Quantitative research Self-report inventory Statistical surveys.
To use Festinger’s example, a chess novice does not compare his chess abilities to those of recognized chess masters,  nor does a college student compare his intellectual abilities to those of a toddler.
Dissonance reduction can be achieved by changing cognition by changing actions or selectively acquiring new information or opinions. Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back examined the choice of friends among college students living in married student housing at MIT. Despite such recognition, Festinger left the field of social psychology inattributing his decision to “a conviction that had been growing in me at the time that I, personally, was in a rut and needed an injection of intellectual stimulation from new sources to continue disohancia be productive.
In his paper, Festinger again systematically set forth a series of hypotheses, corollaries, and derivations, and he cited existing experimental evidence where available.
Teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva by Begoña Urbieta on Prezi
Among people who felt the shock but sustained no damage from the earthquake, rumors were widely circulated and accepted about even worse disasters to come. Festinger labeled communications arising from such pressures toward uniformity as “instrumental communication” in that the communication is not an end in itself but a means to reduce discrepancies between the communicator and others in the group.
The team showed that the formation of ties was predicted by propinquitythe physical proximity between where students lived, and not just by similar tastes or beliefs as conventional wisdom assumed. The group studied a small apocalyptic cult led by Dorothy Martin under the pseudonym Marian Keech in the booka suburban housewife. Muchos comportamientos los realizamos de forma inconsciente. The team observed the group firsthand for months before and after the predicted apocalypse.
Y no me creo que las personas no seamos capaces de mantener ideas incongruentes. Review of General Psychology.
Leon Festinger – Wikipedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Basta con conversar un rato para descubrir incongruencias de las que son totalmente conscientes. In addition, Festinger is credited with the ascendancy of laboratory experimentation in social psychology cogmitiva one who “converted the experiment into a powerful scientific instrument with a central role in the search for knowledge.
When doomsday came and went, Martin claimed that the world had been spared because of the “force of Good cognitvia light”  that the diwonancia members had spread throughout the world.
For example, in a two-storey apartment building, people living on the lower floor next to a stairway are functionally closer to upper-floor residents than are others living on the same lower floor. He is also known in social network theory for the proximity effect or propinquity. Publicado el 24 abril Temas: Inhe closed his laboratory, citing dissatisfaction with working “on narrower and narrower technical problems.
They also found that functional distance predicted social ties as well.
Teoria della dissonanza cognitiva
Leon Festinger 8 May — 11 February was an American social psychologistperhaps best known for cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory. Festinger and James M. For example, liking was simply a function of reward according to behaviorism, so greater reward would produce greater liking; Festinger and Carlsmith’s experiment clearly demonstrated greater liking with lower reward, a result that required the acknowledgement of cognitive processes.
Yet, this endeavor “started as almost an accident”  while Festinger was conducting a study on the impact of architectural and ecological factors on student housing satisfaction for the university. He further argued that pressures to communicate arise when discrepancies in opinions or attitudes exist among members of a group, and laid out a series hypotheses regarding determinants of when group members communicate, whom they communicate with, and how recipients of communication react, citing existing experimental evidence to support his arguments.