Phone, Suggest a phone number Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. Political Ideology. Unofficial Page. Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. Posts about Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. There are no. One source of continued instability in Romania was Corneliu Zelea Codreanu’s pro-Nazi Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail and its paramilitary wing, the Garda de. Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“ has 4 ratings and 0 reviews. Solid construita documentar, impecabila metodologic, lucrarea de fata este, probabil, cea ma.

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Want to Read saving…. However the Molotov—Ribbentrop Pact of August 23,stipulated, among other things, Soviet “interest” in Bessarabia.

Published by Humanitas first published The aftermath of Munich, Oct. Ancel wrote that Codreanu was the first significant Romanian to reject not only the prevailing Francophilia of the intelligentsiabut also the entire framework of universal democratic values, which Codreanu claimed were “Jewish inventions” designed to destroy Romania. The Iasi Pogrom of June ” pp.

He destroyed the organization but its commander, Horia Sima, and some other leaders escaped to Germany. Legionnaires’ rebellion and Bucharest pogrom.

King Carol II was strongly opposed to the Legion’s political aims and successfully kept them out of government until he himself was forced to abdicate in On 28 September the elder Codreanu stormed the Legion headquarters in Bucharest the Green House in an unsuccessful attempt to install himself as leader.

Romania had been a strongly Francophile country starting in when the United Principalities came into being, giving Romania effective independence from the Ottoman Empire an event largely made possible by French diplomacy which pressured the Ottomans on behalf of the Romaniansand from that time onwards, most of the Romanian intelligentsia professed themselves believers in French ideas about the universal appeal of democracy, freedom and human rights, while at the same time holding anti-Semitic views about Romania’s Jewish minority.

The Guard started a last-ditch coup attempt but in a three-day civil war, Antonescu won decisively with support from the Romanian and German armies. In addition to the conflict with the king, an internal battle for power ensued in the wake of Codreanu’s death.


Der Sieg des Glaubens Tag der Freiheit: Teodor Hossu-Longin rated it liked it Jul 06, The main symbol used by the Iron Guard was a triple cross a variant of the triple parted and fretted onestanding for prison bars as a badge of martyrdomand sometimes referred to as the “Archangel Michael Cross” “Crucea Arhanghelului Mihail”.

Villard Books, p. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. However, the legionnaires shared the general fascist “respect for the war veterans”.

Fascist Activism in Interwar Romaniap. A History of Fascism — Madison: On the 27th November more than 60 former dignitaries or officials were executed in Jilava prison while awaiting trial; historian and former prime minister Nicolae Iorga and economic theorist Virgil Madgearualso a former government minister, were assassinated the following day.

The Iron Guard is currently commemorated in Romania and elsewhere through permanent public displays monuments and street names as well as public distinctions such as posthumous honorary citizenship dedicated to some of its members.

Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“

Lists with This Book. Books by Armin Heinen.

Rutgers University Press,p. Particularly gruesome was the murder of dozens of Jewish civilians in the Bucharest slaughterhouse. According to Ioanid, the Legion “willingly inserted strong elements of Orthodox Christianity into its political ideology to the point of becoming one mihial the rare modern European political movements with a religious ideological structure.

Tarnstrom, Trogen Books,Balkan Battlesp.

During the crisis members of leginea Iron Guard instigated a deadly pogrom in Bucharest. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. The Iron Guard explained that the problem of poverty in Romania was due to the Jews’ ongoing colonization of Romania, and thereby prevented Christian Romanians from getting ahead economically.

EHRI – Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail

A lean toward the Axis powers was arhangjelului inevitable. Following the Remilitarization of the Rhineland in MarchCarol started to move away from the traditional alliance with France as the fear grew within Romania arhanvhelului the French would do nothing in the event of German aggression in Eastern Europe, but Carol’s regime was still regarded as essentially pro-French. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

At the start ofin Bucharest alone, the Legionnaires had 5, guns rifles, revolvers and machine guns as well as numerous hand grenades. BucharestKingdom of Romania.


Waves of repression almost completely eliminated the Legion’s original leadership bypromoting second-rank members to the forefront. As for economics, there was no straightforward program, but the Legion generally promoted the idea of a communal or national economy, rejecting capitalism as overly materialistic.

In this schema, the Legionnaire might have to perform actions beyond the simple will to fight, suppressing the preserving instinct lwgiunea the sake of the country. Even before the Great DepressionRomanian universities were producing far more graduates than the number of available jobs and the Great Depression had further drastically limited the opportunities for employment by the intelligentsiawho turned to the Iron Guard out of frustration.

When ,egiunea Germany and, later, the Soviet Union invaded Poland, Romania granted refuge to members of Poland’s fleeing government and military.

Emil Dogaru marked it arhxnghelului to-read Apr 30, By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“ by Armin Heinen

Payne writes in his study of Fascism, “The Legion was arguably the most unusual mass movement of interwar Europe. Soziale Bewegung und politische Organisation: Retrieved from ” https: As part of the deal, Antonescu was named the Legion’s honorary leader, while Sima became deputy premier. For much of the interwar period, Romania was in the French sphere of influence, and inRomania signed a treaty of alliance with France.

Beyond that, Romania had traditionally been dominated by a Francophile elite, who preferred to speak French over Romanian in private and who claimed that their policies were leading Romania to the West with the National Liberal Party, in particular, maintaining that their economic arnanghelului were going to industrialize Romania. Frunza Bogdan marked it as to-read Mar 23, Mihaela Stroe rated it really liked it Sep 20,