This study attempts to give as complete as possible a description of two extinct Saivite sects-the Kapalikas and the Kalamukhas. Since the connotations of the. Kapalika and Kalamukha, members of either of two groups of Shaivite (devotees of Shiva) ascetics, most prominent in India from the 8th through the 13th century. Kapalikas, Kalamukhas. Identifier TheKapalikasAndKalamukhasTwoLostSaiviteSectsDLorenzenDelhi Identifier-ark ark://t23b9rp

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The Kapalikas And Kalamukhas Two Lost Saivite Sects D Lorenzen Delhi 1991

Know that 1 can submerge this earth with its mountains and towns under water and then drink up all that water again in an instant. A person bearing these insignia is not born again in this world. Likewise, the Kalamukhas designate the following as the means of securing all desires in this world and the next: If it is so done, defeat is equally certain.

These epigraphs show that monks were responsible for managing and caretaking at the temples, under the supervision of government officials. The earlier grant is a copper plate issued by the early Calukya Nagavardhana, son of Jayasimha and nephew of Pulakesin II, sometime about the middle of the seventh century. Vijflanesvara adds that if the head of the person slain is not available, the head of another Brahmana should be used.

Both authors should have been acquainted with these ascetics since the sect was influential in South India, particularly in the Mysore region, between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries. Many scholars also believe that the author of the Samkara-digvijaya was not Mapalikas, the Vijayanagar rdjaguru, kapakikas a later author who wrote under his name. The scapegoat aspect of the sacrificial propitiation of Bhairava and Durga is here made more explicit.

This may well be the earliest reference to the Kapalika sect.

Kapalika and Kalamukha | Hindu ascetics |

The original overthrower of Oaks’s sacrifice was Siva himself. Another version of this mvth, in which the sage is called Rahodara, appears in the Vamana Purana xxxix.


To cite just one example, a legend about the rsi Dadhica in the Salyaparvan chap.

The sage was filled with compassion and instructed Padmapada and his other disciples to convert the repentant heretics. When Dadhica spied the celestial nymph, he lost his semen, and consequently his sacred power, in the Sarasvatl River. In most cases more emphasis is placed on doctrine and mode of worship than on organisation. Arthur Koestler has pointed out that the sutra in question seems clearly to refer back only to the powers mentioned in the previous one or two sutras and not to the many powers mentioned afterwards.

Successors to the Kapalikas in modern times are the Aghoris, or Aghorapanthis, although the latter do not follow all Kapalika practices. The fact that the author of the GSS chooses the Kapalikas instead of the Siddhas to represent the Kanphata side of the dispute suggests not only that the two sects were on friendly terms, but also that the stories were already in popular circulation.

They also wear the ashes of the dead although no source claims that they eat them.

Be it known kwlamukhas you that. Although these descriptions, like those of the Kodiya-matha, tend to run counter to some of the accusations made against the Kalamukhas by Ramanuja, there are also several points of agree- ment between his account and the epigraphs. Somasiddhanta then enters extolling his own virtues act III, vs.

A few works openly condemn 5iCited by Nad, p. According lOSce above, p The Mattavildsa is a one act farce prahasana in which the comic sentiment hdsya naturally predominates.

This treasure, the KipSlika claimed, could bestow immortality: I have crossed the great cremation ground of transmigratory existence samsara and now rOpm this disgusting cremation ground. This line of ascetics oalamukhas been discussed at some length by J. The astronomer-mathematician Vara- hamihira kalamkuhas. At two of them, however, the connection with the! Elsewhere in this work Soma- deva describes a certain bad minister as one whose Tame has been spread in the world by religious mendicants, snake-charmers, Kapalikas Jugglers and consummate thugs’ iii.


Let us now dance. Their belief was that an ostentatious indifference to anything…. The Kapalikas offer obeisance to the goddess Camunda and describe her fearful dance as they themselves dance about the stage. The reconstruction of Kapalika cult and doctrine is admittedly speculative owing to the distorted and fragmentary character of the evidence.

His virtuous wife, who had followed him to the ahd, rushed forward ahead of him and sold herself as a domestic slave to a Brahman teacher.

Full text of “The Kapalikas And Kalamukhas”

Kalamukhsa mention is made of wine pots or skull bowls. This myth probably speaks to the prevalent tension between Tantric schools and the Brahmanic orthodoxy. Humans chosen for sacrifice were to be morally pure, serving as a scapegoat for the accumulated transgressions of the sacrificers. His name indicates that he also carried a staff lakula. Soma- siddhanta does this by giving.

Unlike the Kapalikas, however, the Kalamukhas established themselves in mathasmonastic organizations centered around a temple.

I will lapalikas nothing to do with caste. Some of Kasha’s songs are translated into English by S. He drinks from it and offers the remainder to his new disciples act II 1vs. Sastri, The Colas, p. In the first of these the author asserts the superiority of the doctrine of the Nath Siddhas but allows the Kipalika faith a qualified validity p.

Rules for this penance are given in the Visnu-smrti and command the: Saiva, Pasupata, Kapala, and Kalamukha.