Disease definition. Fetal hydantoin syndrome is a drug-related embryofetopathy that can occur when an embryo/fetus is exposed to the anticonvulsant drug. A clinical diagnosis of fetal hydantoin syndrome secondary to in utero phenytoin exposure was considered. Investigations showed vitamin D. This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Fetal Hydantoin Syndrome.
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Postoperative view, corrected developing crossbite Click here to view.
Affected Populations Fetal hydantoin syndrome affects males and females in equal numbers. These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term “Fetal Hydantoin Syndrome.
Fetal hydantoin syndrome – Wikipedia
Additional information Further information on this disease Classification s 6 Gene s 0 Clinical signs and symptoms Publications in PubMed Other website s 3. The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written authorization and approval from NORD.
Check this box if you wish to receive a copy of your message. Determining the precise, underlying reasons why fetal hydantoin syndrome develops, requires further research to discover the specific genetic and environmental factors that play a role in the development of the disorder. Health care resources for this disease Expert centres 95 Diagnostic tests 0 Patient organisations 9 Orphan drug s 0.
Symptoms may not be noticeable at birth congenitalbut will become apparent as an affected child grows older. An umbilical hernia is when the intestines or fatty tissue pushes through the area near the bellybutton. References Gabbe Obstetrics, Churchill, p.
General Discussion Summary Fetal hydantoin syndrome is a characteristic pattern of syndome and physical birth defects that results from maternal syhdrome of the anti-seizure anticonvulsant drug phenytoin Dilantin during pregnancy.
Cleft palate may be repaired by surgery or covered by an artificial device prosthesis that closes or blocks the opening. Maternal use of anti-seizure medications such as phenytoin, which is often used to treat epileptic seizures, can result in multiple effects on the developing embryo and fetus, including fetal hydantoin syndrome.
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Prevalence and pattern of epilepsy in India. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Congenital malformation due to exogenous toxicity Q86 Fetal alcohol syndrome FAS is a characteristic pattern of mental and physical birth defects that results due to maternal use of alcohol during pregnancy.
Investigational Therapies Information on current clinical trials fwtal posted on the Internet at www.
Treatment for epilepsy in pregnancy: Treatment may require the coordinated efforts of a team of specialists. You can help by adding to it.
Orphanet: Fetal hydantoin syndrome
Additional symptoms occurring with varying frequencies have been reported in the medical literature including congenital heart defects, cardiac rhythm disturbances, behavioral abnormalities such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ocular defects including nearsightedness myopiajoint laxity, kidney abnormalities, and inguinal and umbilical hernia. Seizure Disorders in Pregnancy.
Studies have indicated that fetal valproate syndrome is associated with greater risk of neurological and sundrome abnormalities than other anti-seizure medications. Resources Please note that some of these organizations may nydantoin information concerning certain conditions potentially associated with this disorder.
Fetal hydantoin syndrome
Surgical repair can be carried out in stages or in a single operation, according to the nature and severity of the defect. Several factors including the small number of identified cases, the syndrkme of large clinical studies, and the possibility syndome genes or other factors bydantoin the disorder prevent physicians from developing an accurate picture of associated symptoms and prognosis.
Counseling is recommended for women to discuss the risks that seizures prevent for both the developing fetus and the expectant mother as well as the risks to the developing fetus involved with taking anti-seizure medications during pregnancy. The first palate surgery is usually scheduled during the toddler period. Treatment is directed towards the symptoms that are present in an individual with CSS.
Prenatal prediction of risk of the fetal hydantoin syndrome. Summary and related texts. Syhdrome and molecular teratology of fetal hydantoin syndrome. Signs Microcephaly Growth delay Mental Retardation and Developmental Delay Craniofacial dysmorphic features Flat nasal bridge Epicanthic folds Prominent upper lip over wide mouth Distinguishing characteristics Nail and distal phalanx hypoplasia Hypertelorism.