Identify whether the reference words are anaphoric, cataphoric, or exophoric by selecting your choice in the pull-down menu next to each item. After you make. Definition of Exophoric from our glossary of English linguistic and grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English. Anaphoric reference: An item in the text forms a cohesive link with another item which has already occurred – ie it refers back to and replaces that item, thus.
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Reference examples with demonstratives: Robusto k 28 Retrieved from ” https: How do you interpret ‘her’ without extralinguistic context?
For example, pronouns are often exophoric, with words such as “this”, “that”, “here”, “there”, as in that chair over there is John’s said while indicating the direction of the chair referred to.
But it is also possible that it refers to the environment in which the dialogue is taking place—to the “context of situation”, as it is called—where the plants in question are present and can be pointed to if necessary. Because they have already had knowledge about that or it is understandable from the context.
To know who ‘her’ is, you need to know who is speaking, or when and where they are speaking, or the speaker will need to point. What’s the deal with exophoric pronoun references? Also, this may be better asked at linguistics.
Demonstrative pronouns, definite articles and some adverbs also act as an effective textual cohesive tie. I went to school yesterday. Exophoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something outside the discourse.
That is quite different to my understanding, but the concept of deixis does seem to be quite varied depending on your field.
Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing
It is anaphoric reference because “he” refers to “John” which is mentioned earlier in the discourse. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The interpretation would be “those plants there, in front of us”. Views Read Edit View history. Is it just this test being rfference, or should I refrain from using them elsewhere? It had a beautiful brick wall. In mid-July a powerful American financier flew to Mexico City for a series of talks with high-level government officials, including President Miguel de la Madrid and his finance minister Gustavo Petricoli.
An ELT Notebook: An ELT Glossary : Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Reference
What is cataphoric reference? The way in which, by different procedures, a whole text is considered as such and the sentence in the text are considered as linked. Tom was saying that he was going to the movies.
It is endophoric, because its exopgoric is manifest in the text. Semantics Pragmatics Rhetoric Semiotics stubs Linguistics stubs. It looks very natural to me, but I think that’s because in my native tongue such a reference is acceptable “he” is exophoric here, am I right?
What is anaphoric reference? Cohesive ties can be either grammatical or lexical: The use of exophoric reference requires some shared knowledge between two speakers, or between writer and reader s. Given “Did the gardener water those plants?
Cataphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned later in the discourse. Homophora [ edit ] A type of exophora, homophora relates to a generic phrase that obtains a specific meaning through knowledge of its context; a specific example of homophora can variably be a “homophor” or a “homophoric reference”.
He found the weather to be calming and relaxing. It tells the reader not just to look elsewhere for information but to look elsewhere exopjoric a particular aim in mind – to compare the items that exophorjc being linked. Anaphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned earlier in the discourse.
Both the object and it refer back to a small box in the first sentence. A type of exophora, homophora relates to a generic phrase exophlric obtains a specific meaning through knowledge of its context; a specific example of homophora can variably be a “homophor” or a “homophoric reference”.
He found the weather to be calming and relaxing”. Also, is this in reference to a text or to speech?