Los polioles, también llamados polialcoholes o alcoholes química se parece en parte a la de los azúcares y en parte a la de los alcoholes. Sugar alcohols are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols. They are white, water-soluble solids that can occur. El Xylitol es un compuesto perteneciente a un grupo denominado “alcoholes de azúcar” o polioles. Se encuentra en la naturaleza en muchas.

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Their flavor is like sucrose, and they can be used to mask the unpleasant aftertastes of some high intensity sweeteners. They have one OH group attached to each carbon.

Beneficios – Polioles

Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This happens, for example, with the crystalline phase of sorbitolerythritolxylitolmannitollactitol and maltitol. Sugar alcohols are usually incompletely absorbed into the blood stream from the small intestine which generally azucaree in a smaller change in blood glucose than “regular” sugar sucrose.

The table above presents the relative sweetness and food energy of the most widely used sugar alcohols. Sugar alcohols Sugar substitutes.

However, like many other incompletely digestible substances, overconsumption of sugar alcohols can lead to bloatingdiarrhea and flatulence because they are not fully absorbed in the small intestine. They are white, allcoholes solids that can occur naturally or be produced industrially from sugars.

Xylitol, un sustituto del azúcar que ayuda a prevenir las caries

In addition to their sweetness, some sugar alcohols can produce a noticeable cooling sensation in the mouth when highly concentrated, for instance in sugar-free hard candy or chewing gum.


Ethylene glycol 2-carbon Glycerol 3-carbon Erythritol 4-carbon Threitol 4-carbon. Uses authors parameter CS1 maint: Consumption of sugar alcohols affects blood sugar levels, although much less than does sucrose comparing by glycemic index. Retrieved 6 January Retrieved January 6, Despite the variance in food energy content of sugar alcohols, EU labeling requirements assign a blanket value of 2. Unlike sugars, which tend to exist as rings, sugar alcohols do not.

Polioles – Polioles

As an exception, erythritol is actually absorbed in the small intestine and excreted unchanged through urine, so it contributes no calories even though it is rather sweet.

Today, they are often obtained by hydrogenation of sugars, using Raney nickel catalysts. Xylitol and lactitol are obtained similarly. Mannitol Alcholes Galactitol Iditol. They are further differentiated by the relative orientation stereochemistry of these OH groups.

More than a million tons of sorbitol are produced in this way every year. The sugar alcohols differ in chain length.


Arabitol 5-carbon Xylitol 5-carbon Ribitol 5-carbon. Journal of thermal analysis. In commercial foodstuffs, sugar alcohols are commonly used in place of table sugar sucroseoften in combination with high intensity artificial sweeteners to counter the low sweetness. As a group, sugar alcohols are not as sweet as sucroseand they have slightly less food energy than sucrose.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mannitol 6-carbon Sorbitol 6-carbon Galactitol 6-carbon Fucitol 6-carbon Iditol 6-carbon Inositol 6-carbon; a cyclic sugar alcohol.

Axucares 7-carbon Isomalt carbon Maltitol carbon Lactitol carbon Maltotriitol carbon Maltotetraitol carbon Polyglycitol. Ethylene glycol [ citation needed ]. Most have five- or six-carbon chains, because they are derived from pentoses five-carbon sugars and hexoses six-carbon sugarsrespectively. The Everything Diabetes Bookp. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat poliolse They are used widely in the food industry as thickeners and sweeteners. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.


Views Read Edit View history. Some individuals experience such symptoms even in a single-serving quantity. Sugar alcohols do not contribute to tooth decay. They can however be dehydrated to give cyclic ethers, e.

pklioles Ethylene glycol 2-carbon Glycerol 3-carbon Erythritol 4-carbon Threitol 4-carbon Arabitol 5-carbon Xylitol 5-carbon Ribitol 5-carbon Mannitol 6-carbon Sorbitol azzucares Galactitol 6-carbon Fucitol 6-carbon Iditol 6-carbon Inositol 6-carbon; a cyclic sugar alcohol Volemitol 7-carbon Isomalt carbon Maltitol carbon Lactitol carbon Maltotriitol carbon Maltotetraitol carbon Polyglycitol.

Sugar alcohols occur naturally and at one time, mannitol was obtained from natural sources. Sugar alcohols also called polyhydric alcoholspolyalcoholsalditols or glycitols are organic compoundstypically derived from sugarsthat comprise a class of polyols.

Both disaccharides and monosaccharides can form sugar alcohols; however, sugar alcohols derived from disaccharides e. Food containing xylitol increased bone density in rat studies. Studies have shown xylitol to be a deterrent to tooth decay. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sugar alcohols. The cooling sensation is due to the dissolution of auzcares sugar alcohol being an endothermic heat-absorbing reaction [1]one with a strong heat of solution.

These results have generated interest in the sugar alcohol that would examine if it could be a human treatment for osteoporosis. Retrieved from ” https: This property makes them popular sweeteners among diabetics and people on low-carbohydrate diets.